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ISRO Full Form

ISRO Full Form

ISRO full form is the Indian Space Research Organization. ISRO is the space agency of the Indian government and has its headquarters in the Bengaluru Region. The goal of ISRO is to develop space exploration for national growth while researching space science & planet exploration. ISRO is one of the world’s best Space Agencies.

History of ISRO

It is comparable to NASA. As of 2019, ISRO has sent up more than 60 satellites for 20 countries, including the United States of America.

ISRO started in 1962 as INCOSPAR by Vikram Sarabhai with the help of Jawaharlal Nehru. In 1969, it became ISRO, and in 1972 Space Commission and Department of Space were created, which included ISRO under it. The first satellite made by ISRO was Aryabhata which was launched in 1975 from Kapustin Yar using a Russian Cosmodrome.

Shri K Sivan is the current Chairman of ISRO. Under his leadership, many great space missions have been completed like Chandrayaan 2, Gaganyaan etc.

Some of the great space missions undertaken by ISRO are:

The Aryabhata mission was India’s first satellite, launched in 1975 from Kapustin Yar using a Russian Cosmodrome. The Bhaskara-I and II missions were launched in 1979 and 1981 and were devoted to Earth resources observation.

Operation Centers of ISRO

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has a network of regional centres that it operates through. Each centre has its speciality, and together they make up the comprehensive operation of ISRO. Some of the notable centres are:

The Ahmedabad Space Applications Centre is where sensors and payloads are built. ISRO designs produce, installs, and tests satellites before launch.

The Bangalore U R Rao Satellite Center is where most of the designing and production of satellites takes place. It is also home to the Launch Vehicles Division.

The Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota Island near Chennai is where launches occur. This is also where the Isro Control Center is located – from where all the launches are monitored.

There are also two Master Control Facilities – Hasana and Bhopal. These are responsible for controlling geostationary satellite stations.
Finally, several Remote Sensing Data Collection Facilities are located throughout the country.

Achievements And Plans

ISRO has been at the forefront of space exploration in India and has made several landmark achievements.

Some of ISRO’s most notable achievements include:

– The development of India’s first indigenous satellite launch vehicle, the SLV-3, was in 1980.

– The successful launch of India’s first experimental satellite, Aryabhata, in 1975.

– The launch of India’s first operational Geostationary Satellite, INSAT-1B, in 1983.

The development of cryogenic engine technology was used to power India’s GSLV rocket family.

– The successful launch of Chandrayaan-1, India’s first lunar exploration mission, in 2008. ISRO is now planning to undertake several ambitious new projects, including:

– The construction of a human-crewed space mission by 2022.
– The development of a new launch vehicle, the SSLV, enables smaller satellites to be launched into orbit.
– The deployment of more advanced remote sensing satellites, such as the Hyperspectral Imaging Satellite (HysIS) and the Radar Imaging Satellite ( RISAT), to improve India’s ability to monitor its natural resources and environment.
– The expansion of India’s satellite communication network to provide broadband internet access to rural areas.
– The development of an indigenous human spaceflight program.

ISRO has come a long way since its establishment in 1969, and it looks poised

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